Ovary and Fallopian Tube: Visualization of ovary and fallopian tube based on real human data. The ovaries produce female gametes, the eggs, and hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. The fallopian tubes form the first part of the female duct system. During ovulation, the egg is released from a follicle at the surface of the ovary and finger-like projections of the fallopian tube, fimbrae, sweep it into the uterine tube where it awaits fertilization.
- "Ovaria" redirects here. This is also a proposed section and a synonym of Solanum.
The ovary (From Latin: ovarium, literally "egg" or "nut") is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system. Birds have only one functional ovary (left), while the other remains vestigial. Ovaries in female are analogous to testes in male, in that they are both gonads and endocrine glands. Although ovaries occur in a wide variety of animals, both vertebrate and invertebrate, this article is primarily about human ovaries.
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