Pancreas


Importance of Pancreas
: The pancreas is really two organs in one: a digestive organ that secretes enzymes that help break down nutrients into forms the body can readily absorb; and endocrine gland that produces the hormones that govern the digestion of sugar. The dramatic upsurge in the incidence of diabetes has put the organ in the spotlight.

Levels of insulin and glucose in the blood must be maintained in careful balance. Chronic conditions of too much or too little glucose in the bloodstream can damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes, nerves, and blood vessels; acute disruptions of the insulin/glucose balance can be life-threatening.

The pancreas /ˈpæŋkriəs/ is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates. In humans, it is located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach. It is an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide which circulate in the blood. The pancreas is also a digestive organ, secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes that assist digestion and absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. These enzymes help to further break down the carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids in the chyme.


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