Image Caption : Both the American Heart Association and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) recommend daily portions of fruits and vegetables, which are high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and low in salt, saturated fats, and cholesterol. Green, leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli are high in folic acid and vitamin B, which control the levels of an amino acid - homocysteine - in the blood. Homocysteine can cause nicks in the arterial wall and promote the development of atherosclerosis.
A vegetarian diet focuses on plants for food. These include fruits, vegetables, dried beans and peas, grains, seeds and nuts. There is no single type of vegetarian diet. Instead, vegetarian eating patterns usually fall into the following groups:
- The vegan diet, which excludes all meat and animal products
- The lacto vegetarian diet, which includes plant foods plus dairy products
- The lacto-ovo vegetarian diet, which includes both dairy products and eggs
People who follow vegetarian diets can get all the nutrients they need. However, they must be careful to eat a wide variety of foods to meet their nutritional needs. Nutrients vegetarians may need to focus on include protein, iron, calcium, zinc and vitamin B12.
United States Department of Agriculture
Vegetarian diet may refer to:
- Vegetarian cuisine
- Plant-based diet (i.e., not necessarily stemming from vegetarian beliefs)
The material on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any medical condition. Consult a licensed medical professional for the diagnosis and treatment of all medical conditions and before starting a new diet or exercise program. If you have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.