Blood Pressure


Control Your Blood Pressure : Hypertension is called the "silent killer" because it often has no noticeable symptoms. It may go unnoticed over a period of years until a serious problem appears. Hypertension can cause heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease, and it can permanently damage the eyes, lungs, heart, and kidneys, which is why it`s so important to have your blood pressure checked regularly.

Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels. When used without further specification, "blood pressure" usually refers to the arterial pressure in the systemic circulation. It is usually measured at a person's upper arm. Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic (maximum) pressure over diastolic (minimum) pressure and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It is one of the vital signs along with respiratory rate, heart rate, oxygen saturation, and body temperature. Normal resting blood pressure in an adult is approximately 120/80 mm Hg.

Blood pressure varies depending on situation, activity, and disease states. It is regulated by the nervous and endocrine systems. Blood pressure that is low due to a disease state is called hypotension, and pressure that is consistently high is hypertension. Both have many causes which can range from mild to severe. Both may be of sudden onset or of long duration. Long term hypertension is a risk factor for many diseases, including kidney failure, heart disease, and stroke. Long term hypertension is more common than long term hypotension in Western countries. Long term hypertension often goes undetected because of infrequent monitoring and the absence of symptoms.


Related Images

Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension
Renovascular hypertension
Renovascular hypertension
Hypertension
Hypertension

The material on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any medical condition. Consult a licensed medical professional for the diagnosis and treatment of all medical conditions and before starting a new diet or exercise program. If you have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.