Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Molecule

Image Caption : Pantothenic acid, also known as Vitamin B5, is a water-soluble nutrient (like all B vitamins). It is ubiquitous in living organisms, found in cells in the form of coenzyme A which is vital in the functioning of numerous enzymes. Synthetic B5 (D-pantothenic acid) is commercially available in the form of calcium pantothenate and as dexpanthenol, which is used topically to treat skin disorders.

Pantothenic acid is available in a variety of foods - as indicated by its etymological root pantos meaning `everywhere.` The vitamin can be obtained from plant and animal sources alike.

In this model, carbon atoms are dark gray, hydrogen atoms are white, nitrogen atoms are blue, and oxygen atoms are red.

Pantothenic Acid

A butyryl-beta-alanine that can also be viewed as pantoic acid complexed with BETA ALANINE. It is incorporated into COENZYME A and protects cells against peroxidative damage by increasing the level of GLUTATHIONE.

National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine

B Vitamins

The B vitamins are

  • B1 (thiamine)
  • B2 (riboflavin)
  • B3 (niacin)
  • B5 (pantothenic acid)
  • B6
  • B7 (biotin)
  • B12
  • Folic acid

These vitamins help the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat. They also help form red blood cells. You can get B vitamins from proteins such as fish, poultry, meat, eggs, and dairy products. Leafy green vegetables, beans, and peas also have B vitamins. Many cereals and some breads have added B vitamins.

Not getting enough of certain B vitamins can cause diseases. A lack of B12 or B6 can cause anemia.

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